What Exactly Does An Optometrist Examine and Treat?


The field of medical optometry is quickly developing into a new subspecialty of ophthalmology. Medical eye care is the exclusive area of expertise of a medical optometrist who is a Doctor of Optometry. These doctors have completed specialized residency programs where they learned to treat dry eye disease, glaucoma, diabetic eye health, and age-related macular degeneration, among other eye illnesses and ailments. Optometrists aren’t medical doctors (MD) or doctors of osteopathy (DO). Optometrists practice medicine without completing medical school, instead earning a doctor of optometry (OD) degree.

How long will you get there if you want to practice optometry?

The average optometrist has completed a four-year undergraduate program besides their OD degree. Following optometry school, some professionals spend an additional year in residency.

What services does an optometrist provide?

Optometrists are medical professionals who focus on diagnosing and treating vision impairments and eye diseases. In some states, optometrists are allowed to prescribe controlled drugs for eye diseases and perform minor surgical procedures. Foreign body removal, laser eye surgery, and other surgical procedures may fall under this category. If you have vision issues, optometrists will check your eyes and report back to you. Many of the most frequent therapies for correcting vision problems can be prescribed by an optometrist.

  • Eyeglasses.
  • Contact lenses.
  • Low vision.
  • Medications to treat eye diseases.

When comparing an optometrist to an ophthalmologist, it’s important to know their differences.

Both optometrists and ophthalmologists focus on the health of the eyes.

No registered or trained optometrist may legally operate on your eyes. If your optometrist finds a problem with your eyes that needs surgery, they may suggest that you see an ophthalmologist instead. Like other medical specialists, Ophthalmologists need to have a medical or osteopathic degree from a recognized school. Thanks to their extensive training and expertise, they are qualified to diagnose and treat any visual impairment, including surgical correction.

What sets an optometrist apart from a regular optician?

Professionals who have undergone optometry training can detect and treat vision problems, as well as check your eyesight at regular intervals. Optical technicians usually assist eye doctors such as optometrists and ophthalmologists, and will typically have earned a technical degree or certification within two years. In addition, they can also adjust or replace the lenses and frames of your glasses.

How to Start a Career in Optometry

1. Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree.

Earn a four-year degree, preferably in the biological or medical sciences.

Three years of college-level coursework in biology or zoology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and English may be all that certain institutions require.

2. Don’t flunk the first exam

A passing score on the Optometry Admission Test is required before admission to optometry schools (OAT). Applicants are subjected to examinations measuring their abilities in science, language comprehension, physics, and mathematics via computer. Don’t forget to include your OAT results when applying to schools.

3. Go for a PhD.

Doctors who focus on eye care are called optometrists. An optometrist has earned a Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree, a postgraduate degree that typically takes four years to complete.

Should You Visit an Eye Doctor?

A visit to the optometrist should suffice for most preventative and regular eye care issues. Since many illnesses of the eye go undetected in the early stages, regular eye exams are essential for maintaining your eyes’ health.

What kind of services and treatments can a medical optometrist give?

Medical optometrists check your eye health, monitor, and diagnose illnesses at their earliest stages, and provide a wide variety of treatment therapies; they can also offer vision correction services and issue prescriptions for glasses and contacts.

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  • Medical optometrists provide a wide range of services and treatments, including complete eye exams for patients of all ages (children, teens, and adults), diabetic eye exams;
  • diagnosis of a wide range of eye diseases (including glaucoma, macular degeneration, anterior eye and corneal disease, and cataracts); and
  • comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of dry eye.
  • Care before and after surgery, including advice on procedures
  • Acute Eye Care Services

Prescription meds

Your medical optometrist plays an important part in your basic eye treatment and your entire health. Diabetes, hypertension, aneurysms, autoimmune illnesses, and certain neurological issues are only some of the many diseases and disorders that an in-depth medical eye exam can detect.

When Is It Necessary to Visit a Medical Optometrist?

There is more to your eye health than just having 20/20 vision or repairing it to that level. Getting an annual medical eye checkup is important since many illnesses and disorders of the eye develop without any symptoms in the early stages. For this reason, seeing a medical optometrist once a year should be a standard component of your preventative care.

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An optometrist is a medical professional who treats problems with eyes and vision. Your optometrist might send you to an ophthalmologist or surgeon if further treatment or surgery is required.

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